Cross-border challenges of a Central Bank Digital Currency and Global Stablecoins (August 2021)

Foreword: METI Advisory wrote this report for SEBA Bank AG. Abstract: On 9 July 2021, the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank, issued a Joint Report to the G20, which analyses how CBDCs could facilitate faster, cheaper, more transparent, and more inclusive international payments. The report concludes that reaping such benefits will require significant conceptual and practical work and effective multilateral collaboration and the implementation of new infrastructures, in short, a long timeline. In these circumstances, could the implementation of a GSC in open collaboration with monetary authorities deliver those efficiency and inclusiveness enhancements to the international payments system more swiftly? After all, last year, the G20 made the enhancement of cross-border payment a priority, and the G7, in June this year, reiterated that no GSC should launch unless it is properly regulated. Open collaboration with the monetary authorities would ensure appropriate consideration to the impacts of a GSC rollout on monetary policies and on the management of cross-border flows. The alternative is to perpetuate the drawbacks of the current international payments system for the foreseeable future.